There are many myths and legends surrounding the development of modern karate. Few of them are historically verifiable, in most cases only that the persons in question existed.
Most common about the origin is the story of the Buddhist wandering monk Bodihi Daruma (often also called Daruma Taishi, Bodhidharma or Buddha; translatable as „enlightened“).
Around 520 AD he travelled from South India to the central Chinese province of Hunan. There he made a stop at a monastery (Shaolin). The monks were all in poor physical condition due to their one-sided way of life. He decided to teach them his movement teaching/martial arts, the so-called „18 hands of the Arhat“. Through disciplined practice, both body and mind benefit from the positive qualities: e.g. willpower and patience, flexibility and muscle power.
Throughout history, the Shaolin Monastery has been destroyed and rebuilt by various wars. The monks often had to flee and sought asylum throughout China but also in neighbouring countries. Because of this, but also because of active trade relations between China (especially the area near Fujian / Fukien) and Japan, these techniques also reached Okinawa and the neighbouring islands.
In the course of history this Chinese martial art mixed with already existing, local martial arts. At that time the martial arts were called „Okinawa-Te“ (technique from Okinawa) or „Tode“ (technique of the To = technique of the Chinese, also called Tote, or Toudi).
According to tradition 3 villages/cities had the biggest influence on the development of the Okinawa-Te: Shuri (-Te), Naha (-Te), Tomari (-Te).
Shuri was the seat of the island administrator (you could call him a king), Tomari was known for its many fishermen, Naha was more known as a business town.
The different masters developed their individual techniques, resulting in different styles. Each style had its own „character“.
Our karate in the Shinbukan Dojo has its roots in the „Sukunaihayashi Shorin Ryu Seibukan Karate“ and thus with Chotoku Kyan, Zenryo Shimabukuro and today Zenpo Shimabukuro. These connections can be found in the family trees below. But there are further influences from Goju-Ryu, Uechi-Ryu and Shito-Ryu.
The following Karate-Kata are practiced in the Shinbukan Dojo:
Fukyu Kata Ichi (Gekisai)
Fukyu Kata Ni (Gekisai)
Seisan (Hangetsu, Seibukan Version)
Passai (Oyademari no Passai)
Pinan Shodan (Heian)
Pinan Nidan (Heian)
Pinan Sandan (Heian)
Pinan Yondan (Heian)
Pinan Godan (Heian)
Naihanchi Shodan (Naifanchi, Tekki)
Naihanchi Nidan (Naifanchi, Tekki)
Naihanchi Sandan (Naifanchi, Tekki)
Sanchin (Shinbukan no Sanchin)
Hakucho (Goju-Ryu [Kingai-ryū Tōde Jutsu])
Our Karate Lineage
* Only the most important influences are shown below with the arrows! It can be assumed that a much more complex exchange of individual masters and styles has taken place.
On October 25, 1936, one of the most important gathering of karate legends from Okinawa took place! On this day it was decided to give the martial art prevailing on Okinawa the name „Karate“ and to make public under this name.
In memory of this meeting, the „Karate no hi“ is held annually on October 25th. – celebrated the „Day of Karate“.
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Karate no hi 2021